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A History of Roulette

July 9th, 2017

Roulette is a popular casino table game. Coming from the French word to mean ‘little wheel’, it is a game with red and black pockets, into which a ball is dropped. Each pocket is numbered and players’ place bets on which pocket they think the ball will land. The wheel spins one way, the ball the other and as it loses its momentum, the ball then falls into a pocket with the game paying out to players accordingly.

For a long time, players would have to visit the country of origin to play each version of roulette, but now, thanks to online casinos, all versions of roulette are now easily available throughout the world.

Roulette was first created in the 18th Century in France but before this, almost a century before, Blaise Pascal had created what is considered to be the earliest form of roulette. In fact he was actually trying to create a perpetual motion machine but ended up with the roulette wheel instead. The present version of the game has actually been played since 1796 in Paris. These early roulette wheels featured a single and double zero in the colours red and black respectively. It wasn’t until later in the 1800s that the colour green was added for the zeros in order to reduce confusion during the game.

In 1843 the single zero roulette wheel was created in order to compete with other casinos with the single and double zero versions. The single zero lowered the house edge in favour of players rather than the casino. By the 19th century, roulette had travelled across the whole of Europe. Soon the single zero, or European version of roulette, became the most popular one with the exception of the Americans who kept the double zeros and have the American roulette version that is known today.

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